We have spoken about proprioception in our previous blog. Proprioception is the perception of joint and body movement, perception of body position or the body segments in space. It is vital and essential for body movements, it assists in daily activities and allows you to interact with the environment.(1)
The sensor cell to help us understand where are our body in space is called “proprioceptor”.(2) They are located in our muscles, tendons, ligaments, and joints. They serve different purposes, for example, spindle cells monitor muscle tension, it shortens and stretches together with muscle contraction and relaxation.(2) These spindle cells communicate with our brain, allowing the brain to respond to your desired movement by adjusting our muscles accordingly.
We have over 650 different muscles in the human body! Paraspinal muscles are the small muscles that support our spinal movement. They allow spinal mobility and help maintain stability at the same time. Studies suggested that paraspinal muscles in our upper neck area play a very important role in proprioception.(3) Since over 75% of infants are born with cervical/neck dysfunction (4), neck dysfunction may carry on to the next stage of growth and possibly delay their motor development, such as difficulty in learning how to walk.
Not only poor proprioception from the spine can affect a child’s gross motor development, but also other causes such as ankle, and hip problems. If you are concerned about your child development, consult one of our amazing chiropractors and we will let you know if we can help.
1. Han J, Waddington G, Adams R, Anson J, Liu Y. Assessing proprioception: a critical review of methods. Journal of Sport and Health Science. 2016;5(1):80-90.
2. Proske U, Gandevia SC. The proprioceptive senses: their roles in signaling body shape, body position and movement, and muscle force. Physiological reviews. 2012;92(4):1651-97.
3. Haavik H, Murphy B. The role of spinal manipulation in addressing disordered sensorimotor integration and altered motor control. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 2012;22(5):768-76.
4. Fludder C, Keil BG. INSTRUMENT-ASSISTED DELIVERY AND THE PREVALENCE OF REDUCED CERVICAL SPINE RANGE OF MOTION IN INFANTS. Chiropractic Journal of Australia. 2018;46(2).